Common people have many misconceptions about diseases. And this is the reason they tend to misjudge a health condition. This misjudgment is most common in urine-related diseases. The urinary track of a human being is a sensitive organ, and we get serious goosebumps when there is problem with it. We should not fret too much, as there are experts who have great expertise about various urological diseases and modern treatments.
Urology is a medicinal branch that deals with the male and female urinary tract diseases. Moreover, urology also includes male reproductive organ disorders. The organs that fall under this branch are urethra, urinary bladder, adrenal glands, kidneys, and the male reproductive organs. There are many organs involved in urology, and therefore, many sub-disciplines get required to encompass the entire domain.
Here is the list of 8 different sub-disciplines of urology:
#1. Endourology: This sub-discipline deals with the closed manipulation of the urinary tract. The surgery of the urinary tract is not open; endourologists use small instruments and cameras in the surgery. Transurethral surgery is an important part of Endourology as its aids in treating other cases like stone surgery, urothelium surgery and prostate surgery.
#2. Urologic Oncology: This sub-discipline deals with diseases like cancer of penis, testicles, kidneys, bladder, and prostate glands. As these cancers are normally too delicate for traditional surgeries, most urologic oncologists use robots to help them in surgeries.
#3. Laparoscopy: This sub-discipline also deals with robot-assisted surgeries. As a result, open surgical processes are becoming less popular, and laparoscopy is increasing the success rate of surgeries on areas like ureter, kidney and the prostate. However, the extensive use of robotics also makes this sub-discipline quite costly.
#4. Neurourology: This sub-discipline deals with cases of abnormal urination caused by nervous malfunctions. The lower urinary track can get disrupted from neurological conditions like spinal injury, Parkinson’s disease and multiple sclerosis. Therapies in Neurourology include sacral neuro-modulation, use of anti-cholinergic drugs, and clean intermittent self-catheterization of the bladder.
#5. Andrology: This sub-discipline deals with male urologic disorders like ejaculatory disorders, erectile dysfunction and male infertility. Andrology overlaps a little with endocrinology, as male sexuality is often a work of hormones. Therapies in Andrology include implantation of penile prostheses, vasectomy reversals, and fertilization procedures.
#6. Female Urology: This sub-discipline deals with female urologic disorders like urinary incontinence, pelvic organ pro-lapse and overactive bladder. Female Urology overlaps a little with urogynecology, a sub-discipline of gynaecology. Diagnosis and therapies depend on a particular disease.
#7. Pediatric Urology: This sub-discipline deals with urology clinic urologic disorders in children like vesicoureteral reflux, underdeveloped genitalia, enuresis, and undescended testes. An urologist with special training in pediatrics is fit to counter these problems.
#8. Reconstructive Urology: This sub-discipline deals with the genitourinary tract. This tract needs to undergo a surgery if there are some urological problems caused by childbirth, blockages, obstructions, diseases, trauma, or hysterectomies.
These are the 8 sub-disciplines of urology. It’s better if you keep them in mind as prior knowledge about them can help in many ways in future. If you think that you are suffering from an urological disorder, then check your status with the help of the urology EHR software. You can download this software easily on your Smartphone and Tablet. This software is extremely easy to handle, and correct in its measurements. If your results are positive, then do not hesitate to visit an urologist.